Excerpts from Singing Through Clenched Teeth

Gabo Prize Finalist[translated text]

Midnight (1949)

Like frightened birds
after a hunter’s shot—
My dreams scatter in flight
when I open up my eyes…

My reveries, return to me,
I beg of you, I plead,
I command you!
But the empty distance echoes:
Who, who…

You—in the night,
with whom you persist
all alone.
You—the one who cannot hear, do you trust it?
Clearly whatever may come of you
is all the same to it.
Today that is the striking
of desperate fists
in its thicket:
“Why?” “Why?”

The Saucer in the Sky

The saucer in the sky,
that you promised me,
show me the stone,
where you smashed it into pieces.

And the mountains, the golden mountains,
which I forgave you,
where have they escaped to,
tell me, in which streams of smoke?

I have not broken
the saucer in the sky,
I have fallen and been beaten
down to my feet and through my bones,

And the mountains, the golden mountains,
they flew off in all directions,
when I only made the slightest try
to open wide my eyes.

Come to My Dream

No greeting, no sound,
of you I’ve had no dream…
Who then has been stationed
right at the entrance
to my sleep?

I’m sinking downwards like death
from fatigue, from the cold,
who then has been stationed
right at the threshold
of my fantasies?

A thought from somewhere
breaks forth from its chains,
makes a flash in the silence:
Make way to your dreams,
make way to your dreams!

But my nightly entreaty,
doesn’t succeed, it would seem,
so who has stood guard
at the edge of my dreams?
The KGB.

When My Love Goes to Sleep…

Sleep, my dearest,
go to sleep!
I will be rolling stones up peaks,
I will be bearing chains alone—
You, however, should blissful be,
my distant dearest,
my distant sweet…

Better that you not remember
those days and nights in ember,
when we were full of pleasure…

Sleep, my dearest,
go to sleep!
May you be cherished by your faithful lover,
may you be his only fire,
as once you were for only me!

Over me—the borealis.
Under me—the earth is darkness…
Still, my heart—no need to murmur—
Sleep my dearest,
go to sleep,
my distant dearest,
my distant sweet.


Polished in blood and flame,
washed in tears,
God willing, you might, my sweet,
just this once be clean!

The same fields mourn,
the same heavens freeze,
the same ears yearn,
the same—the uniforms.

And the eyes, too, bore
in from the other side,
and the terrors, too, lie in wait
on all your ways away.

But times, they say, do change—
the skies are now in tatters,
the faraway places are already others,
and different too—the distances.

And the Caucuses can no longer
help with all their hills and crevices
a poet find his shelter
from these ferocious police searches.

Spring (1956)

The sky and the forest
the people and the streets
are moving
in the wave-like whirl
of the water.
And the old truth
blooms anew in me
that every little thing—
grows smooth and clear in the current.
Through pain kept secret,
and through muffled weeping
I recite to myself
a prayer or a speech:
There is no joy to be found,
when water is still.
Flow, water, flow
in good health!


I am emerging to a blinding evening—
Perhaps you were calling, or did it only seem?

I am departing on a rushing day—
Perhaps you caught wind of my weeping from so far away?

The cities are spinning and people are teeming
And the fiery cogs of time’s wheels are turning.

The millstones are milling, the cleaver is cleaving—
Day after night and night after day!

But let your voice at least be heard from afar,
let me feel your weight on my shoulders.

And stay—I will stay, this I alone know,
I am stronger than iron, I am harder than stone,

I burn up flame and freeze over frost
and as I sprout forth like the grass I split open rock.

From Afar

Better —if my tormented tears—
could fatten your fields,
better—if I could be the stone,
you could hurl me at your foes.

Better—if I could be the sand,
or the desert’s withered thorn,
better if I could be the venom,
your fury’s deadly curse—

Better than life, better than wandering far from home
and with a burning tongue in my mouth,
when longing arrives like a bear and digs in its claws
and buckles my knees…

August 12th, 1952 [Night of the Murdered Poets]

On this very day,
on this very day
the pain and the weeping
multiplied the prison bars.
The pain—in the heart,
the lament—through clenched teeth:
Bergelson, Markish, Kvitko, and Hofshteyn.

They were felled
in the middle of the night
and no one brought them any solace
before death.

And the only light
that anointed them at the end
came right at the flash
of the murderous volley…

On this day,
on this very day,
I raise up
and I carry
my song spattered with blood—

My poem—a gravestone
my heart— like a candle
but I will not now—
it turns out
fulfill my duty—
There is nowhere to place
any candle nor stone—
Bergelson, Markish, Kvitko, and Hofshteyn.

The Third Day a Bit of Bread

On the third day a bit of bread,
surrender the shirt off your back
flay away your own skin,
but don’t remain in foreign lands.

Every smallest shrub will beg you: stay!
Every stone will groan.
Your childhood—with her thin wail
will tear your flesh to pieces.

The local lullaby from your cradle
will turn old and gray,
but go and do not look back
and may it be an auspicious day!

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Yoysef Kerler was an important post-war Soviet Yiddish poet. Born in Ukraine in 1918, he published poetry as a young man and studied acting at the Moscow State Yiddish Theater. During WWII, he served with the Red Army, and his first book of poetry consisted of poems written during the war. This would also be the last book of Yiddish poetry Kerler would publish in the Soviet Union. Within a few years, all Yiddish publications were banned and, in 1949, Kerler was arrested. He spent the next six years in the Vorkuta Gulag, north of the Arctic Circle. Upon his release in 1955, he became one of the first prominent refuseniks, Jews trying to leave the Soviet Union for Israel.

The following poems were written in the gulag, as well as likely just before and after Kerler’s release. A number of Kerler’s gulag poems were initially published in Russian translation, disguised as poems about a Nazi ghetto. They were finally published in Yiddish in Israel, after Kerler arrived in the 1970s.

Ironically, Kerler was lucky to have been sentenced to the gulag, as he avoided the fate of many other Yiddish writers who were murdered by Stalin on the infamous “Night of the Murdered Poets” in 1952. He eulogizes them here. The poems from Singing Through Clenched Teeth also document his growing alienation from the Soviet Union—what he called his cradleland—and his increasing longing for Israel, which he began to refer to as his homeland.

Kerler often worked as a lyricist and many of his poems have a strong songlike quality. I find these to be his easiest to translate, though sometimes I wonder if that ease is simply a result of my enjoying them the most. There are terms, such as “saucer in the sky” that conjure up associations in English that are different from those in Yiddish. In English, “saucer in the sky” may sound like a UFO. In Yiddish, to “ask for the saucer in the sky” means to reach for the moon, for the impossible. In context, I have faith that English readers can figure it out.

Eastern European poetry often employs significantly different grammatical norms, with greater use of dashes. These differences are the trickiest aspect of Kerler’s poetry to translate, made more difficult still by the absence of capital letters in the Hebrew alphabet. I try to keep the artful use of dashes by smoothing out the grammar elsewhere, when I can.

Maia Evrona is a poet, memoirist, and translator of Yiddish literature. Her translations of Yoysef Kerler were awarded a fellowship from the Yiddish Book Center, while her translations of Avrom Sutzkever have received fellowships from the NEA and ALTA. In 2019, she was the inaugural recipient of the joint Spain-Greece Fulbright Scholar Award, though her time in Europe would be ill-fated due to COVID-19.

Kerler_credit_Milberger, Michael

Yoysef Kerler was an important post-war Yiddish poet. Born in Ukraine in 1918, he served with the Red Army during WWII. He would later serve five years in the Vorkuta Gulag for so-called “anti-Soviet nationalist activity.” Following his release, he became one of the first prominent refuseniks.